History shows that, once industrial revolutions are launched, the change occurs quickly. Entrepreneurs convert inventions into commercial innovations, these give rise to new companies that grow rapidly and, finally, consumers demand new products and services that improve the quality of life. Once the gear of this process begins to work, industry, economy and society are transformed at full speed.
Many of us think that we are entering the fourth industrial revolution that will involve the following turning points before 2025 according to the World Economic Forum held in 2015.
- 10% of people will wear clothes connected to internet.
- 90% of people will have unlimited and free storage, probably sponsored through advertising.
- One billion sensors will be connected to internet.
- First robotic pharmacist in the United States.
- 10% of reading glasses will be connected to internet.
- 80% of people will have a digital presence on internet.
- The first 3D printed car will be in production.
- First government that will replace its population census with one based on Big Data.
- First commercially available implantable mobile phone.
-% of consumer products will be printed in 3D.
- 90% of the population will use smartphones.
- 90% of the population will have regular access to internet.
- Cars without driver will be 10% of all vehicles on the roads of the United States.
- First liver transplant in 3D printed.
- 30% of corporate audits will be carried out using artificial intelligence.
- First time a government collected its taxes using blockchain.
- More than 50% of Internet traffic in homes will be for appliances and devices.
- In general, there will be more trips in shared vehicles than in private cars.
- First city with more than 50,000 people who will not have traffic lights (Bill Gates just bought a large lot outside of Las Vegas to build the first smart city).
- 10% of the global gross domestic product will be stored in blockchain technology.
- First machine of artificial intelligence in a board of directors.
An Oxford Martin research concludes that about 47 percent of US jobs are at risk, this risk is characterized by a much broader scope of job destruction at a much faster pace than the changes in the labor market experienced in previous industrial revolutions.
The job will grow in high-income cognitive and creative jobs and low-income manual occupations, but it will decline sharply for routine and repetitive middle-income employees. With this, it will bring an even bigger fracture of the current one between the upper and lower classes.
(A Uber driver will spend most of his time between delivering food, boxes or taking people from one place to another, including not only stopping for Uber but also for Cabify, Glovo or Deliveroo that works in micropryects in different companies which can turn into a precarious job with low remuneration).
Companies have worked in recent years to simplify tasks as much as possible to outsource and save on costs. This has made the algorithms better able to replace human beings.
ENVIRONMENTAL RENEWAL AND PRESERVATION
The convergence of the physical, digital and biological worlds offers significant opportunities for the world to achieve great achievements in the efficiency and use of resources.
At the heart of this promise lies the opportunity to separate businesses and consumers from the catch-do-undo linear model of resource use, which relies on large amounts of easily accessible resources, and to orient them towards a new model industrial in which the flows of materials, energy. Work and, now, information interact with each other and promote the design of a reparative, regenerative and productive economic system.
There are four ways to help us get there.
First, thanks to the Internet of Things (IoT) and smart assets, it is possible to track materials and energy flows to achieve new and enormous efficiencies along value chains. It is estimated that $ 2.7 trillion dollars can be obtained in the next decade from the elimination of waste and the improvement of processes in the supply and logistics chains, as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 9,100 million dollars tons for 2020.
Secondly, the democratization of the digitalization of information and the transparency derived from digitized goods give citizens new powers to hold companies and countries accountable (thanks to technology such as blockchain).
Third, new information flows and increased transparency can help a large-scale change in citizen behavior as it becomes the path subject to least resistance within a new set of social and business norms to achieve sustainable circular system. One example of this is OPower, which uses comparisons between users to mobilize people to consume less electricity and therefore protect the environment.
Fourth, new business and organizational models promise innovative ways to create and share value that lead to a whole change in the system from which the natural world can actively benefit.
Vehicles driven alone, collaborative consumption and leasing models result in significantly higher asset utilization rates.
In this way governments, businesses and citizens will be more aware and will be more committed to strategies to actively regenerate natural capital, and will allow intelligent and regenerative uses of natural capital in order to liberate sustainable consumption and production, and give to recover biodiversity in threatened areas.
DIGITALLY REPROGRAMABLE SPACE
The buildings will have the ability to transform instantly to serve as a theater, gym, social center, disco or whatever, which will minimize the urban footprint in general. This will allow cities to obtain more from less.
The pipeline internet, will use sensors in water systems to control the flows and manage the entire cycle, and will supply sustainable amounts of water for human and ecological needs.
ADOPTION OF A TREE THROUGH SOCIAL NETWORKS
Studies show that the green areas of a city can compensate by 10 percent the increase in temperature caused by climate change, vegetation helps block short-wave radiation while evaporating the water, cools the ambient air and creates more comfortable microclimates. Tree and root systems can also reduce storm water flows and balance nutrient loads.
THE NEXT GENERATION OF MOBILITY
Through advances in sensors, optics and built-in processors, greater safety for pedestrians and non-motorized transport will lead to greater adoption of public transport, less congestion and pollution, better health, and faster, more predictable and less expensive journeys.
COGENERATION, COCALEFACTION, CORREFRIGERACIÓN
Mechanical cogeneration systems already capture and use excess heat and significantly improve energy efficiency. Trigeneration systems use heat to heat buildings or cool them down using absorption refrigerator technology, for example cooling of office buildings housing a large number of computer equipment.
MOBILITY UNDER DEMAND
The digitalization is making traffic more efficient, and it allows obtaining information in real time and performing an unprecedented monitoring of the urban mobility infrastructure.
The new generation of LED-type lighting can act as a platform for a multitude of sensor technologies that collect data on weather, pollution, seismic activity, movement of traffic, people and noise, and air pollution. If you join these smart poles in a network, you can perceive what is happening in a whole city in real time and provide innovative solutions in areas such as public safety or identify where there are free parking spaces.