All kind of processes are being automated by machinery and technology, resulting in much more scalable and globalized production processes. Although this may seem an advantage, we must take into account the negative consequences that it entails.
A machine is an object that generally uses a source of energy to perform a certain job, therefore, the rise of the machines and automation, has also caused the increase in energy consumption.
Since the industrial revolution, the human being has used all kinds of fuels. Despite the intense search for affordable and sustainable energy sources, we can see that in 2014 only 4% of the energies used as a primary source come from renewable sources.
These data, not only shows that most of the energy we use comes from limited sources and that can be exhausted, but also, by their nature, most of them produce pollution at the time of being transformed into work.
It is estimated that since 1750 (industrial revolution), CO2 and methane (main gases causing the greenhouse effect), have increased their concentration in the atmosphere by 36% and 148% respectively. (3)
All this could change very soon, thanks to ITER, a large-scale scientific experiment, which aims to demonstrate the viability of a nuclear fusion reactor.
ITER is the first fusion device that will produce net energy, and will maintain the fusion for long periods of time. By fusion, we mean the energy source of the Sun and stars. ITER is capable of increase 10 times the volume of the largest machine that operates today.
This technology, theoretically would allow to multiply up to 10, the energy contributed initially, and its operation is very similar to the one that keeps alive a star in the solar system. With which, it would be the largest source of renewable energy discovered so far.
Nowadays, the ITER scientific facility is under construction now in southern France and as soon as access to the Tokamak Building is possible, scientists and engineers will progressively assemble, integrate, and test the ITER fusion device.